Real life stories
Prevent and Channel Case Studies
** Names have been changed to protect the individual.
Simon is a 14 year old White British Male who attends a local comprehensive school. His mum initially speaks to the school about some racist comments Simon has made about some of his Asian classmates whilst at home. School place him with a mentor to tackle the racism and bad behaviour but whilst with the mentor he makes further racist comments saying he really doesn’t like Asian people. The school contacts the Prevent Team for further assistance.
The local Prevent Team attend the school to speak to Simon, telling him all the time that he is not in trouble and they ask why he seems to feel the way he does. Simon denies ever having said anything of the sort and says he feels like he is being picked on by family members and teachers and they are trying to get him into trouble. He doesn’t speak much about anything other than his interest in Football and specifically his local team.
A further meeting is held with Simon and his mother is invited along, he is more open and talkative with his mother there and the Prevent Officer asks to discuss what he has said and why. Simon then then goes on to say that Asian people are “coming over here and taking our jobs”. The Prevent team then have a discussion surrounding the Media and whether you can believe everything they say. Simon believes you can because they don’t lie.
Further discussions are had with Simon and his parents about the comments he has made and looking at these in more it would appear his racist views may have been learnt from another member of the family and remained so due to lack of exposure to others who have different backgrounds and faiths.
From discussions with him and family members it would appear there is a complete lack of understanding when it comes to religion and culture as well as some racist thinking that has been learnt either consciously or unconsciously from that member of the family, these are discussed and challenged.
The Prevent Team approach the Local Football Club in relation to their PL Kicks Community Scheme (Premier League Kicks).
The local Football Club accepted Simon onto their programme which means he will be mixing with young adults from across the City in a sport they all enjoy. It will also mean that he must behave inside and outside of school if he wishes to remain on the programme and will have to engage and behave in workshops on things such as Anti-Social Behaviour /Drugs/Prevent/Racism etc. Any form of racism or bad behaviour and attitude, either in school or at the Kicks programme, will not be tolerated and he will be removed from the scheme. There are many positive experiences Simon can get out of this placement, from learning about team work and respect for others to huge opportunities to be involved with the team he loves and represent them in matches and outings against other Premier League Kicks teams.
School will continue to monitor Simon and his behaviour and will feed into the coaches on the PL Kicks Scheme and liaise with them to make sure he maintains his good behaviour. If he fails to do so he will lose his place on the team.
Simon has also been referred to a behavioural school for part of the week; this is due to his bad behaviour prior to the Prevent Referral. Simon finds this opportunity much more interesting and fun than his full time school.
Abdul is a 9 year old British Asian male who attends Primary School. Due to some problems within the family home and parental separation he meets regularly with a Pastoral Support Worker. Abdul tells this worker that that someone close to him has been exposing him to extremist views, beheading videos and the media surrounding violent extremism. As a result he can’t concentrate in class, has flashbacks of the videos and is also having nightmares meaning he is unable to sleep. Pastoral Care is in regular contact with Abdul and his parents but both the care worker and Abduls parents are unsure of where else they can turn to for help for Abdul, so they decide to make a referral to the Prevent Team.
The Prevent Team do not meet with Abdul as clearly he is suffering as a result of what he has seen and direct prevent involvement might upset him even more. There are also many different professionals involved in the process who are able to provide other support to him.
There is also little to suggest that he was at that time vulnerable to being radicalised into any form of extremist beliefs himself and he is no longer exposed to those who had shown him these videos. It is possible however that without support these vulnerabilities could mean he is susceptible to being ‘groomed’ into an ideology later on or that he becomes desensitised to what he has seen and this too affects him when he is older.
Prevent, Pastoral Care and his parents are concerned that these issues could have a significant impact on his life if the symptoms showing are not tackled by a more specialist team sooner rather than later.
There are no Prevent concerns in relation to Abdul himself as he is clearly a victim of someone else who he trusted, he does not require Prevent Intervention but the Prevent process is able to facilitate links with partner agencies who are able to help.
Prevent and the Local Partnership actions
Prevent speak to their Partners in Safeguarding, Leicestershire Partnership Trust (LPT) surrounding the information that has been provided by both parents and the school, LPT speak to the school Nurse and advise re the concerns.
She arranges a sleep diary with him and also look at the possibility of undertaking a set assessment and if required a future Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) referral.
A CAMHS referral is made after some work has been completed with the School Nurse.
As a result of the CAMHS referral made by his school nurse, Abdul is formerly diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The PTSD diagnosis cannot be formally linked to the videos and it is possible events within the family have exacerbated the diagnosis.
He is continuing to receive support and is being supported by trained staff that can help him tackle the issues at hand and support him with his future.